Lesson Plan 8: Simple & Compound Sentences

I learned more about the use of subordination conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs as I prepared this lesson.  I would like to use this lesson for two different reasons:  1. my students will become better writers as they are able to write their meaning in diverse ways; 2. My students will learn more about one another as they share their sentences about their self.  

Subject/Grade Level: English Language Arts / 4th Grade

Lesson Plan# 8: Simple and Compound Sentences


TEKS: §110.15. English Language Arts and Reading, Grade 4, (b. 20.A.i. &ii. & C.) Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions. Students understand the function of and use the conventions of academic language when speaking and writing. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:

(A)  use and understand the function of the following parts of speech in the context of reading, writing, and speaking:

(i)  verbs (irregular verbs);

(ii)  nouns (singular/plural, common/proper);

(C)  use complete simple and compound sentences with correct subject-verb agreement.


Pens, pencils, highlighters, and paper

Computer and document camera



Introduction/Modeling/Collaborative Practice/Assessment

  1. The teacher and the students will revisit the lesson on independent and dependent clauses.  Specifically, the teacher will discuss the process to identify independent clauses.   Independent clauses are sentences that are consistent of a subject and a predicate. The teacher will state and write—The family drove to New Mexico. The pets stayed in the kennel.  The house was empty and hot.
  2. The teacher will instruct the students that compound sentences are formed with two or more independent clauses.  Compound sentences are generally formed by appending the two clauses with a coordinating conjunction, or comma and a subordinating conjunction.  The teacher will state and write—The house was empty and hot, because the family drove to New Mexico, and the pets were at the kennel.  The teacher will explain that by adding a subordinating conjunction the independent clauses have become dependent clauses. 
  3. Another method to form compound sentences is to append two or more independent clauses with semi-colon or a semi-colon and a conjunctive adverb.  The teacher will state and write— The family drove to New Mexico, and the pets were at the kennel; consequently the house was empty and hot.  The teacher will explain that by adding a subordinating conjunction the independent clauses have become dependent clauses. 
  4. With the help of a student the teacher will conduct a brief interview.  The teacher may begin with asking the student to give an introduction of their self.  The student may include some of their hobbies they enjoy doing or have done recently.  The teacher will type the student’s ideas on the computer; while the students observe the display on the screen.    
  5. The teacher will ask the students to raise their hands after they develop new simple sentences with the interviewee’s ideas.  The teacher will type these simple sentences.  The teacher will model the construction of writing compound sentences using coordinating conjunctions and commas.  The teacher will type another example of how to use conjunctive adverb and semi-colon.  John likes playing football. John has a broken foot.  John likes to play football, but has a broken foot.  John likes playing football, even though he has a broken foot.  John likes to play football; however, he has a broken foot.        
  6. The students will be assessed by writing six simple sentences about their selves.  The students will form a compound sentence using a coordinating conjunction, another sentence using a comma and a subordinating conjunction, and a last sentence using a semi-colon and a conjunctive adverb.  Their production will be exchanged with another student, as they will be able to learn from other students’ writing; while, learning more about one another.
  7. The teacher will also instruct the students to type their sentences using a computer.  This will allow the students to become more acquainted and comfortable with Microsoft Word and their own writing style.

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